According to the Modern Language Association (MLA) style handbook, the list of sources at the end of a research paper is referred to as WORKS CITED. The following are examples of the MLA format of citation for many of the types of sources most commonly used in 4th -8th grades.
Keep in mind that no matter what the source is, the citation should offer the reader ability to locate the same source when searching independently.
Check the specific examples given below for proper format:
Print Sources: Books
To cite a book by a single author:
Example: Curtis, Christopher Paul. Bud, Not Buddy. Thorndike , ME : Thorndike Press, 1999.
To cite 2 or more books by the same author, list the books in alphabetical order by title:
Example 1: Curtis, Christopher Paul. Bud, Not Buddy. Thorndike , ME : Thorndike Press, 1999.
Example 2: ---. The Watsons Go to Birmingham ---1963. New York : Yearling/Bantam Doubleday Dell Books for Young Readers, 1997.
To cite a book by 2 or more authors: Only first author"s name is last name first. Follow the example.
Example: Elwood, Ann and Carol Orsag Magidan. The Macmillan Book of Fascinating Facts: An Almanac for Kids. New York : Macmillan Publishing Co., 1989.
Print Sources: Reference Books
If the article is signed by a specific author, start with the author"s name:
Example: Mohanty, Jitendra M. "Indian Philosophy." The New Encyclopedia Britannica:Macropaedia. 15th ed. 1987.
If the article is not signed, start with the article title:
Example: "Ginsberg, Ruth Bader." Who's Who in America . 52nd ed. 1998.
If the reference set is not arranged alphabetically, state the volume and page numbers:
Example: "The Mound Builders." Native American Tribes. Vol. 1. Detroit : UXL/Gale, 1999. 87-99.
For Subject-specific reference books include place of publication and publisher:
Example: Allen, Anita L. "Privacy in Health Care." Encyclopedia of Bioethics. Ed. Warren T. Reich. Rev. ed. 5 vols. New York : Macmillan-Simon, 1995.
Print Sources: Article in a Newspaper
Notice the order of the date: number month, year. Include the edition, if there is one, followed by a colon and then the page number. If the article is not printed on consecutive pages, write the first page number and a plus sign.
Example: Hall , Trish . "IQ Scores Are Up, and Psychologists Wonder Why." New York Times 24 Feb. 1998, late ed.:F1.
Print Sources: Article in a Magazine
Do not give the volume and issue, even if they are listed. Notice the order of the date: number, month, year.
Example: Brody, Howard. "How Would a Physicist Design a Tennis Racket" Physics Today Mar. 1995: 26-31.
If the article is not printed on consecutive pages, write the first page number and a plus sign.
Example: Kinoshita, June. "The Mapping of the Mind." New York Times Magazine 18 Oct. 1992 : 44+.
Non-print Sources: Newspaper Article From Internet
URLs often change. Cite both the date of publication and the date you accessed the site.
Example: Markoff, John. "The Voice on the Phone is not Human, but it's Helpful." New York Times on the Web 21 June 1998 . 25 June 1998
Non- print Sources: Online Database - Not Internet
Example 1: Rivkin, Ellis. "Meir, Golda." World Book 1998 Multimedia Encyclopedia. CD-ROM. Version 2.00. IBM. 1998.
Example 2: "Bronte, Emily." DISCovering Authors. Vers. 1.0. 1992. Electronic. Yeshiva of North Jersey Library, 15 May 2002.
Non-Print Source: Website:
Example 1: Boritt, Gabor S. "Civil War." World Book Online. 10 September 1999
Example 2: "Statistical Summary: America's Major Wars." The US Civil War Center . 14 August 1999